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Les Transformations du Milieu Montagnard-Carpates, Massif Central et Autres Montagnes d'Europe

Les Transformations du Milieu Montagnard-Carpates, Massif Central et Autres Montagnes d'Europe

Krzemieñ K. (red.), 2004, Les Transformations du Milieu Montagnard-Carpates, Massif Central et Autres Montagnes d'Europe, Prace Geograficzne, z. 113.

ISSN 1644-3586

Jêzyk publikacji: francuski

Cena: 18.90 PLN (w tym 8% VAT).

Publikacja jest do nabycia w Instytucie Geografii i Gospodarki Przestrzennej UJ. Istnieje równie¿ mo¿liwo¶æ z³o¿enia zamówienia przez internet. Przy zamówieniach on line do ceny ksi±¿ki doliczany jest koszt wysy³ki (Poczta Polska).

Spis tre¶ci

Kazimierz Krzemieñ 

 s. 9-10

Avant-propos

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Kazimierz Krzemieñ, Krzysztof Sobiecki 

 s. 11-25

Le rôle des processus morphogéniques contemporains dans le modelage de massif volcanique des Monts Dore (Massif central)

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Kazimierz Krzemieñ, Wojciech Che³micki, Mariusz Klimek 

 s. 27-39

Le cs-137 comme traceur d'évaluation de l'activité des processus de remodelage des versants dans le massif des Monts Dore (Massif central, France)

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Kazimierz Krzemieñ 

 s. 41-51

Les transformations contemporaines du lit de la rivière Couze Pavin en Auvergne

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Stefan Skiba, Marek Drewnik, Rafa³ Szmuc, Ryszard Mazurek 

 s. 53-60

Les conditions pedogenetiques d'humiferation des sols dans les regions montagneuses. Le cas des Carpates (Pologne) et du Massif central (France)

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Ryszard Prêdki 

 s. 61-72

Le suivi de la dégradation des sols dans la zone des itinéraires touristiques: l'exemple du Parc National des Bieszczady

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Vladimír Èech 

 s. 73-84

L'évaluation géoécologique de la Resérve Naturelle Nationale de Èervene Skaly dans les Montagnes de Galmus

The geoecological assessment of the Èervené Skaly National Nature Reserve in the Galmus Mountains, Slovakia

Summary: The Carpathian Mts. constitute a rare and unique treasure in the highly urbanized and industrialized Europe. In the Slovak Carpathian Mountains many of the protected areas owe this status in order to protect of their karst relief. One of the examples is the National Nature Reserve Èervené skaly. Steep slopes of Galmus and of the Poráèsky stream valley with well-preserved associations of forest and rocks, with Poráèsky karst and rare species of wildlife and vegetation are subject to legal protection. The Èervené skaly National Nature Reserve is located to the southeast of the Spišská Nová Ves in the easternmost part of the Slovenské Rudohorie Mts., near Krompachy, between the villages Slovinky and Poráè. In the geomorphological division of Slovakia the studied area is part of the Western Carpathian province and Internal Western Carpathian subprovince. On a lower level, it belongs to the Slovenské rudohorie Mts., Volovské vrchy Mts., Hnilecké vrchy Mts. and Galmus Mts. The geology of the reserve consists mainly of the tectonic unit of Silicicum with the complexes of Middle Triassic limestones and dolomites that have predetermined the overall karstic nature of these mountains and numerous karst features. The originally uniform planated surface of the Galmus Mts. was dissected by Poráèsky stream into two separate karst plateaux during the Pliocene/Pleistocene era; the Galmus plateau in the north and Slovinská skala plateau in the south. The Galmus and Slovinská skala represent the mid-mountain planation surface of the Slovenské rudohorie Mts. There is a system of karst relief forms, such as karrens and karren fields, dolines, uvalas, hums, etc. The reserve covers a middle part of Poráèska valley. This area has a fluvio-karst nature and could be defined as a karst gorge or canyon. Numerous karst features are found in the reserve, i.e. caves, rock windows, karst springs and resurgences, etc. The caves tend to be small with poor decoration and have been created by corrosive processes. From the climatic point of view, this area belongs to the cold climatic vertical belt and to the moderately cold one. According to another division (climatic-geographical types) the area of NNR Èervene skaly belongs to the type of the mountain climate with minor temperature inversions, humid and very humid air and to the subtype of cold mountain climate (annual sum of temperatures of 10°C and more: 1200-1600, temperature in July: 13.5-16°C, temperature in January: -5°C to -6.5°C, annual amplitude: 19.5-21°C, precipitation: 800-1110 mm per year). The Poráèsky stream, with the basin area of 20 square kilometres, forms the axis of the reserve and the valley. The stream has an allochthonous origin with low inconstant discharge and belongs to the drainage basin of the Hornád river. The Reserve is built on a hydrogeological unit of Mesozoicum with crack and crack-karst permeability. This territory is part of the hydrogeological structure of Poráèska valley with the area of 9,7 km² drained by the Poráèsky stream and features numerous springs (mainly karst springs and resurgences). The most abundant springs (Poráè I, Poráè II, Poráè III) are used for water supply via an aqueduct. Just as the rest of Slovakia's territory, the area is situated in the medium zone of a Central European soil and geographical area, particularly in the Cambisol and Luvisol zone with coincident types of the intrazone soils. As regards the soil types, the most widespread are Rendzinas. Other soils include Cambisols, Calcaric lithosols, Fluvisols etc. The relict types of soils are substituted by Terra Rossa. From the geobotanical point of view (natural, reconstructed vegetation) the prevailing part of the reserve on the carbonate rocks belongs to the vegetation unit of limestone beech stands and relict Scottish pine stands. The vegetation of the reserve can easily be divided into two main species: 1) forest species: European beech (Fagus silvatica), European fir (Abies alba), Sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus), Norwegian spruce (Picea abies), Common larch (Larix decidua), Durmast oak (Quercus petraea), (Taxus baccata), Grey alder (Alnus incana), etc.; and 2) rock-cliff species with the unique appearance of relict Scottish pines stands (Pinus sylvestris). Also, many Carpathian endemic species are to be found here. As regards the wildlife conditions one can find typical inhabitants of the Slovak Carpathian Mountains including such rare large mammals as the wildcat (Felis silvestris), wolf (Canis lupus), lynx (Lynx lynx), as well as other species: Cervus elaphus, Capreolus capreolus, Aquila chrysaetos, Falco cherrug, Myotis mystacinus and many others. Based on the physiscal and geographical analysis and using information from detailed field research the author defines physical-geographical complexes at various taxonomic levels. The division is based on land relief, with exposure, rock structure and hydrological conditions as secondary factors. In the past, the area was subject to adverse impact of iron ore mining and air pollution from the Kovohuty Krompachy copper smelting plant. Today, the most significant menace is an illegal logging and cattle grazing within the protected area, forest fires caused by undisciplined tourists, and other unproper behaviour including the daily breaking of the car traffic ban in the valley, walking out of the signed footpaths, etc. The whole reserve and its close surroundings ought to be protected from tourist development and all tourist, sport and other mass events should be banned. The main objective of human activity in the reserve should be the protection of this natural heritage and its preservation for future generations. The author wishes that this becomes priority in the future.

Prace Geograficzne, 2004, z. 113, s. 73-84.

Instytut Geografii i Gospodarki Przestrzennej UJ

ISSN 1644-3586

Pe³ny tekst (354 KB)

Anita Bokwa 

 s. 85-96

Le climat et les resources climatiques des Carpates

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Adriana Zlacká 

 s. 97-106

Les transformations de la structure du paysage naturel évaluation à partir d'une zone d'étude Carpatique

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Danuta Ptaszycka-Jackowska 

 s. 107-120

Les problèmes transfrontaliers polono-slovaques. Plusieurs enjeux à prendre en compte

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Daniel Ricard, Eric Bordessoule, Pierre Couturier 

 s. 121-133

Le Beskid ¦l±ski: une montagne touristique

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Miros³aw Mika 

 s. 135-144

Les transformations de l'aménagement du territoire dans le Beskide de Silésie depuis 1989

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Zygmunt Górka 

 s. 145-151

Les villes des Carpates Polonaises à l'époque de la transition socio-économique de la Pologne

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Franck Chignier-Riboulon, Nora Semmoud 

 s. 153-170

Politique urbaine et marginalité des villes auvergnates

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Laurent Rieutort 

 s. 171-183

Les populations des montagnes du monde: répartition et systèmes de peuplement

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Maria Soja 

 s. 185-192

La situation démographique des Carpates au tournant des XXe et XXIe siècles

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Izabela So³jan 

 s. 193-205

Les sanctuaires de la Vierge Marie et les pèlerinages dans les Carpates Polonaises

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Tatiana Mintalova 

 s. 207-218

Tradition et mutations contemporaines de l'élevage ovin en Slovaquie

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Daniel Ricard 

 s. 219-228

Les monts métallifères slovaques

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Katarzyna Rotter 

 s. 229-239

Le développement du parc hôtelier à Cracovie dans les années 1990-2000

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Hélène Mainet-Valleix 

 s. 241-250

Les espaces domestiques, lieux privilégiés de la territorialisation urbaine? Des townships de Durban aux quartiers ouvriers de Clermont-Ferrand

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Katarzyna Rotter, Daniel Ricard 

 s. 251-253

La coopération dans le domaine de la géographie entre l'Université Blaise Pascal et l'Université Jagellonne pendant la période 1997-2002

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Katarzyna Rotter, Daniel Ricard 

 s. 255-257

The cooperation between University Blaise-Pascal and the Jagiellonian University of Cracow in geography, 1997-2002

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